The Fall (2 of 5)
The Fall of Mankind
The Relevant Past
In a science fiction movie where people travel in time, a man travels back to find his younger self to save him from a gang of thugs, only to realize that he was already captured by this gang from the future. As he attempts to run and hide, the gang starts chopping off fingers from the younger self. This works its way to the future self who suddenly and rather painfully finds his limbs disappearing one by one.
Whether you like it or not, the past affects the present. What the Lord Jesus has given us is the ability to choose the future He has given to us, instead of a future that is not only a consequence of our actions, but also destined for destruction because of sin.
This choice starts with you as a person, then overflows to your family, and then to your community, and by community, you can extend it to the world at large.
Genesis 2:15-17 (NKJV) 15 Then the LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it. 16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”
Genesis 3:4-6 (NKJV) 4 Then the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. 5 For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” 6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate.
The fall of man was a horrible failure. The kingdom program and man’s role in it took a dramatic turn for the worse. Adam and Eve sinned and declared their independence from God by acting autonomously and eating of the forbidden tree. This was no small indiscretion. While eating fruit from a tree does not seem like much, the context of this act meant everything. It was a statement of autonomy and a declaration of independence from the Creator. Adam and Eve doubted God’s truthfulness and goodness, and focused instead on their own desires.
The one who instigated this rebellious event was Satan, the power behind the serpent in the garden. While God was advancing his kingdom program, Satan was pursuing “the antikingdom program.” Satan sought to foil God’s kingdom program by bringing down God’s image-bearers.
From this point on, the great cosmic battle between God’s kingdom and Satan’s kingdom will dominate history. In declaring his independence from God man experienced suffering and death. Spiritual separation from God appeared immediately and physical death would follow.
The ground was cursed. Consequently, man’s mission to rule and subdue the earth on God’s behalf was a failure, at least for now. God created man in His image with all the gifts, capacities, and talents to rule His wonderful creation, but man decided to serve himself and plunge the world into disaster.
Man still possessed the image of God and the mandate to rule and subdue the earth remained (see Ps 8), but the task now was doomed. Instead of the creation working for man, it would now work against him. God told Adam:
Genesis 3:17-18 (NKJV) 17 Then to Adam He said, “Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it’: “Cursed is the ground for your sake; In toil you shall eat of it All the days of your life. 18 Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, And you shall eat the herb of the field.
The cursed ground would now frustrate man in the very realm where he was tasked to rule. Sin is a spiritual issue, but its results are not only spiritual. It affects the creation as a whole.
Sin, evil, and death in all their forms-is fundamentally anti-creational. Understanding the impact of sin on creation gives insight to the often-asked question, “Why do evil and suffering happen if God exists?” The answer is found in man’s failure to obey God and fulfill the kingdom mandate of Genesis 1:26-28.
Genesis 1:26-28 (NKJV) 26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 Then God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”
A successful reign of man would mean a world that functions as it should with beauty, order, and righteousness. No moral or natural evil would exist. Every incident of moral evil and nature run amok can be traced back to man’s failure to successfully rule the creation.
The unintended consequences of the fall would go far beyond anything Adam could envision, but such are the costs of disobeying God. Also, since God made man to mediate His rule on earth, God is not obligated to immediately fix whatever evil or calamity that befalls man. Mankind is reaping the results of Adam’s sin. Thus, the blame for all moral and natural evil lies with man, not God. With Genesis 3:15, God will implement a plan to fix the fallen world, but the blame for a world gone wrong belongs exclusively with man.
Genesis 3:15 (NKJV) And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.”
God is relational. Man by nature is a relational being. God created man for three relationships:
other humans; and
All three relationships suffered because of man’s sin. First, man became spiritually separated from God and under God’s death sentence. Eventually, man would also physically die. Second, tension and turmoil now existed between human beings; this translated to relational tension between the woman and her husband. The woman, who should be in submission to her husband, will now attempt to usurp his authority, but her husband “will rule over” her.
With the fall, man’s work will be much harder. He will find frustration in the very area he is called to master-the creation. Thus, all three relationships man was placed into are severely damaged by the fall-with God, human beings, and creation. Fortunately, though, hope sprouted at this time of man’s darkest hour.
Man could not save and repair himself. His only hope was for divine intervention. Fortunately, God offered hope. In Genesis 3:15 God declared a coming seed of the woman would one day deliver a fatal blow to the power behind the deceiving serpent-Satan.
God declares “enmity” between two rival camps-Satan and his people and the people of God represented by the woman. The concept of “seed” has both a many and a single element to it. Not only will there be “enmity” between the serpent (Satan) and the woman, this battle will continue through their descendants (“between your seed and her seed”).
This has been an ongoing war throughout human history. Yet this battle will come to a climax when an individual from the seed of the woman, a “He,” brings victory. This “He” will bruise the head of the serpent, who is Satan. While Satan will inflict harm on this coming deliverer (“you shall bruise him on the heel”), the victorious seed of the woman will deliver a mortal wound to Satan. The victory will ultimately come to the righteous seed from the woman, yet not without cost.
Galatians 3:16 (NKJV) Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Christ.
The Effects of the Fall of Man
“For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (v.23). All are born in sin because of Adam’s fall (the first sin) in the Garden of Eden. “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned” (Rom. 5:12).
God gave the first human couple freedom of will, and commanded them not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The couple also had the gift of spoken language, which was a part of creation (Gen. 2:16-20; cf. 3:8).
The test was given amid an abundance of trees good for food. It was simple and direct – a test of the will of humanity to submit, as grateful subordinate creatures, to their all-wise, all-providing, caring Creator (Gen. 2:16,17).
Satan, already a fallen angelic being, tempted Eve to disobey God (Gen. 3:1-5). Satan, as a spirit, apparently had no physical body, and required one in this instance to communicate with Eve. He used the body of an animal to speak with her.
Eve was lured by Satan through
her lingering near the forbidden place;
her talking with the tempter;
his quotation of half-truths, and misquotation of God’s Word (Gen. 3:1-6).
These ingredients of temptation are still available to Satan today.
Adam fell with Eve. The Bible explains this as the fall of the human race, naming Adam as the head of the race. Neither Genesis 3:6 nor any other verse in the entire Bible excuses Adam because he fell after Eve’s fall (1 Tim. 2:14).
The sin of Adam and Eve brought down the future human race with them. Mankind fell in Adam (Rom. 5:12-19). This is the uniform testimony of
the Genesis account (Gen.3:16-4:9);
the Old Testament (Ps. 14:1-3);
the New Testament (1 Cor. 15:22);
all human experience through ages of unremedied violence, misery, and suffering.
With the entrance of sin into the human race came its companion, suffering (Gen.3:15-4:8), Death, the will to do evil, and inability to stop sinning, all came as a result of the Fall. The corruption of the earth – its vegetation with thorns and thistles, and the carnivorous nature of wild beasts – resulted from the Fall. The grief and suffering in the world was typified at once, by the first children of Adam and Eve, when Cain murdered Abel. Murder has continued unabated to the present day.
The Various States of Man with God
Ecclesiastes 7:29 (NKJV) Truly, this only I have found: That God made man upright, But they have sought out many schemes.”
This verse describes the condition of man, before and after Adam fell through disobedience to God. Man’s condition has clearly changed since Creation, particularly in his relationship with God:
Adam before the Fall. Theologians have agreed that Adam was not neutral, but was in an original state of righteousness. In his state of innocence, he was disposed to do good, with no desire to do evil. He was created perfect but not a robot.
Man after the Fall. When Adam fell, and death entered into the world (Rom. 5:12), Adam acquired a sinful nature which was inherited by all generations (Rom.3:9-19). “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (Rom. 3:23).
Redeemed man. Saved man, at the new birth, is now judged legally righteous by God on the basis of Christ’s substitutionary death (John 3:5-18). Through the Holy Spirit, who now dwells in the believer and so even saved people can sin. A struggle exists between the two natures (Rom. 17:14-25). When Christians allow the old nature to dominate their lives, they become part of the group Paul termed as “carnal” (1 Cor. 3:3).
In heaven, and then in the New Jerusalem, the saints, in their eternal state (like Christ), will be unable to sin by virtue of their glorified (perfect) state of holiness (1 John 3:1,2).
Five Effects of the Fall in Genesis Chapter 3
The world we live in today is not the very good world that God created (Genesis 1:31). Adam’s disobedience toward God brought about several significant changes that affect not only each and every one of us but also creation.
1. Loss of Righteousness
Righteousness simply put is right standing with God. It is produced by the Holy Spirit
Romans 14:17 (NKJV) for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
2. Separation from God
Isaiah 59:1-2 (NKJV) 1 Behold, the LORD’S hand is not shortened, That it cannot save; Nor His ear heavy, That it cannot hear. 2 But your iniquities have separated you from your God; And your sins have hidden His face from you, So that He will not hear.
Adam was not a sinner when he was created, but he fell from a state of innocence and from the fellowship he once enjoyed with God.
3. Cursed Environment
The punishment of Genesis 3:17-18 reveals that man’s sin caused the curse against the ground, resulting in the troublesome thorns and thistles and a change in the way the natural world works.
Romans 8:19-22 (NKJV) 19 For the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing of the sons of God. 20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it in hope; 21 because the creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation groans and labors with birth pangs together until now.
4. Spiritual and Physical Death
Romans 6:23 (NKJV) For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
The fulfilment of God’s promise that Adam would die reveals the punishment Adam received for disobeying God’s command. There is a “toil” prescribed to the fallen humanity vs the blessing of the Lord
Genesis 3:19 (NKJV) In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread Till you return to the ground, For out of it you were taken; For dust you are, And to dust you shall return.”
Adam disobeyed and physical death came not only to him, but also to his descendants (Romans 5:12).
Romans 5:12 (NKJV) Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned
Genesis 3:7 (NKJV) Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings.
Genesis 3:21 (NKJV) Also for Adam and his wife the LORD God made tunics of skin, and clothed them.
The first shedding of blood, when God makes garments of skin after Adam and Eve sinned. God was showing that there will be no covering, no remission, without shed blood. After Adam and Eve disobeyed God, their “eyes were opened” and they became aware of their nakedness, trying to cover it up by sowing fig leaves together. Nevertheless, this was ineffective, and ultimately God Himself clothed Adam and Eve because they could now no longer walk before Him in innocence.
Before Adam found himself naked, he was clothed with God. In other words, the Spirit of God, in whose image he was created, was His clothing. When creation looked at Adam, all it saw was God, there was no difference.
Now we are called to be clothed with Christ.
Galatians 3:27 (NKJV) For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
Romans 13:14 (NKJV) But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts.
Keeping this in mind, we are going to start by studying four major events from Genesis to see how they affect us today, how the world we live in today is still under the influence of these acts of God.
The Fall of Man
The Flood of Noah
The Tower of Babel
The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
The Flood at Noah’s Time
Matthew 24:37-39 (NKJV) 37 But as the days of Noah were, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 38 For as in the days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, 39 and did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be.
“But as the days of Noah were, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be.” You have heard this from the Lord Himself. So it is good to study this.
Genesis 6:7 (NKJV) So the LORD said, “I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth, both man and beast, creeping thing and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them.”
Genesis 7:11-12 (NKJV) 11 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. 12 And the rain was on the earth forty days and forty nights.
Sons of God
Genesis 6:2 (NKJV) that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they chose.
The ‘sons of God” portrayed here refer to fallen Angels, who had joined sides with Lucifer, who led a revolution against God some time in eternity past.
Remember that the serpent is now aware that he is going to get trouble from the seed of the woman. In order to spoil the human lineage through which the Messiah would ultimately come, they sought to corrupt that lineage by marrying the “daughters of men.”. This produced a mongrel race; all who were the result of such a union were tainted.
In his Epistle, Jude mentions these particular “Angels. ” He said that they “kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation”; he then said what their sin was: “going after strange flesh. ” Concerning this, Jude also said that God “has reserved them in everlasting chains unto darkness unto the Judgment of the great day”.
Jude 1:6-7 (KJV) And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.
A basic understanding of this passage supplies some interesting detail to be sure. But when looking at the original Greek, we gain a much keener appreciation for what was being stated.
For starters, we see the phrase, “their first estate”. The word first comes from the Greek word arche, meaning “a high rank”, such as “to be first in position of political power”. Then the word estate comes from the Greek word peri, which can mean a “locality”. From this combination of terms, we conclude that the angels did not keep their highest-ranking location. That is, Heaven comprised the highest-ranking location an angel could enjoy. Heaven stands as “elevated” in status as any place can possibly be. And yet, the angels gave this up.
The word habitation comes from the Greek word oiketerion and means “a residence”, such as “a family household”. This may be saying that certain angels left their heavenly family and their heavenly home (their residence with God and the other angelic beings). It seems likely that these angels had taken part in the earlier rebellion – that they were part of the satanic revolt that Revelation tells us resulted in ‘one-third of the angelic host” being cast down to earth.
If we consider 2 Corinthians 5:2, we see that Paul using the Greek word oiketerion speaks about being “clothed upon with our house which is from heaven”. In context, it becomes evident the “house comprises a metaphor for a body.
2 Corinthians 5:2 (NKJV) For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed with our habitation which is from heaven,
It is possible that the fallen angels not only forsook God and Heaven when they rebelled with Satan, but also forsook their heavenly spiritual bodies for a type of physical body they could use to operate within our physical dimension.
We can understand just how serious the angel’s actions were given the nature of God’s judgment upon them. This passage compares what they did to the reproachable actions of the people of Sodom and Gomorrah (and the surrounding cities), which resulted in God locking up these angels “in chains” (a supernatural restraint of some sort) until the moment known as the great “White Throne Judgment” when these angels along with unrepentant humans will suffer the “vengeance of eternal fire”
It was taught for many years that the “Sons of God” referred to the children of Seth with many theological sounding arguments, but scripture has to validate and interpret scripture, and if so, scripture always points to the “Sons of God” as being angels.
Job 1:6 (NKJV) Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them.
Job 2:1 (NKJV) Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.
Job 38:4-7 (NKJV) 4 “Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding. 5 Who determined its measurements? Surely you know! Or who stretched the line upon it? 6 To what were its foundations fastened? Or who laid its cornerstone, 7 When the morning stars sang together, And all the sons of God shouted for joy?
When we look at the Genesis 6 account, we discover these sons of God saw the daughters of men and took them for wives. Something very peculiar took place when they mated. Shortly after the match made in hell transpired, Genesis 6:4 states,
Genesis 6:4 (NKJV) There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.
The Hebrew word translated as giants is “nĕphiyl”. Most translations refer to them as giants; their formal name is Nephilim. The Nephilim are a hybrid race of part human, part angelic origin. They are the mixture of terrestrial flesh and celestial flesh.
Just in case it isn’t obvious, in this passage Moses just told us that those Greek mythological figures, the Titans, Olympians, the sons of Pandu, the Pandavas, and the Dasha-avatar had a biblical basis. These demigods were not just plucked out of thin air -real history stands behind these myths.
They are the reason God had to destroy the earth by a flood. They are the reason the children of Israel were instructed to kill every man, woman and child in their land of inheritance; they had been defiled and corrupted at a DNA level.
These offspring of the union between the sons of God and the daughters of men take us back to the seed war mentioned in Genesis 3, while the Nephilim need not be the seed of Satan, for that might depict another class of beings altogether, nevertheless, Satan will use these beings in the future, just as he did in the days of Noah, to attempt to derail the plan of God and corrupt the seed of man.
Destruction of Nephilim Through the Flood
Genesis 6:5-6 (NKJV)  Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.  And the LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.
Prior to the ark’s voyage, God began His first wave of judgment against the rebel angels who left their first estate. Jude tells us they were “reserved in everlasting chains under darkness” (verse 6). They are now confined to eternal destruction; they await their final sentence (Revelation 20: 10; Matthew 25:41).
Matthew 25:41 (NKJV) Then He will also say to those on the left hand, ‘Depart from Me, you cursed, into the everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels:
The Flood Was 100% Effective
The flood was 100 percent effective. It destroyed all flesh from the face of the earth, except that which was aboard the ark. Now the purposes of God could be restored upon the earth.
Genesis 7:23 (NKJV) So He destroyed all living things which were on the face of the ground: both man and cattle, creeping thing and bird of the air. They were destroyed from the earth. Only Noah and those who were with him in the ark remained alive.
These became disembodied spirits confined to the earth and under the earth by the judgment of God.
And Also Afterward
This sounds like a movie with a happy ending, one you leave and feel good inside. Then, just at the last moment, that which you thought was dead … isn’t. So it is with the Nephilim. Remember the haunting phrase from Genesis 6:4, “And also afterward”?
Genesis 6:4 (NKJV) There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.
A resurgence occurred after the flood, for the Nephilim were on the earth after the flood, just like before.
Numbers 13:33 (NKJV) There we saw the giants (nĕphiyl) (the descendants of Anak came from the giants); and we were like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight.”
Some of the more famous Nephilim are Goliath (who David killed) and Og, King of Bashan (1 Samuel 17:4-6; Deuteronomy 3:11).
Genesis 9:12-13 (NKJV) 12 And God said: “This is the sign of the covenant which I make between Me and you, and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations: 13 I set My rainbow in the cloud, and it shall be for the sign of the covenant between Me and the earth. Genesis 2:5-6 (NKJV) 5 before any plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the LORD God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground; 6 but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground.
The word covenant means “to cut”, referring to the cutting of the sacrifices. What you need to understand is that God does not work outside of His covenants.
The Lord said, “I set My rainbow in the cloud, and it shall be for the sign of the covenant between Me and the earth”.
A rainbow is a meteorological phenomenon that is caused by reflection, refraction and dispersion of light in water droplets resulting in a spectrum of light appearing in the sky. It takes the form of a multicolored circular arc.
Job 26:8 (NKJV) He binds up the water in His thick clouds, Yet the clouds are not broken under it.
While there were clouds before the flood, there seems to have been no rain. Since water can be bound up in thick clouds, there will be no droplets suspended in the air outside of the cloud or falling to the earth for, and consequently no rainbow is formed.
Here is the point that you need to understand, and it is not about whether there was rain before the flood or not, but that there was a drastic change in the atmosphere after the flood.
There are some who say that the atmosphere had become less dense, that could be true, but what is certain is that the land mass changed forever. In other words, the earth as we know it started then.
Fire next time
In verse 15, God says “the waters shall never again become a flood to destroy all flesh”. It is interesting to note that this is not the first time that waters covered the earth.
Genesis 1:2 (NKJV) The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
More on that later, but understand that there is a judgment coming, but it is not by water.
2 Peter 3:7 (NKJV) But the heavens and the earth which are now preserved by the same word, are reserved for fire until the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.
2 Peter 3:12-13 (NKJV) 12 looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which the heavens will be dissolved, being on fire, and the elements will melt with fervent heat? 13 Nevertheless we, according to His promise, look for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells.
In Luke 17:26-30, Jesus preached that the last days would be like the days of Noah and Lot. Of all of God’s unexpected judgments Jesus could have chosen, He selected Noah and Lot as His examples. We know that Noah’s days were unique in no small part because of the presence of the Nephilim.
2 Peter 2:4-7 For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast [them] down to hell and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment; and did not spare the ancient world, but saved Noah, [one of] eight [people,] a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood on the world of the ungodly; and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned [them] to destruction, making [them] an example to those who afterward would live ungodly; and delivered righteous Lot, [who was] oppressed by the filthy conduct of the wicked
The above passage ties it all together, but there is more. Jesus said “As in the days of Noah, so shall it be in the days of the coming of the Son of Man.” Through the scientific development of Transhumanism, we appear to be on the cusp of seeing the human genome successfully modified to “improve” humanity. The consequences could be disastrous.
If in the process of improving your DNA, you cease to be classified as human, then does the blood of Jesus speak to you? Could this be what the mark of the beast does?
Revelation 13:16-17 (NKJV) 16 He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, 17 and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.
Revelation 20:4 (NKJV) 4 And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years
We know that Satan attempted to corrupt the human genome in Genesis 6, and that Jesus said that it will be like that when he comes, but there is also another angle that I wonder about.
In a way, the OT is natural and the NT Spiritual. You had to commit adultery in the OT to be guilty, in the NT, you just have to think it. The events were a shadow of things to come, and have a symbolic value, but the substance is Christ
Colossians 2:17 (NKJV) which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ.
I wonder if that principle when applied means that Satan no longer needs to corrupt the human genome, but only corrupt the human heart.
2 Corinthians 6:17 (NKJV) Therefore “Come out from among them And be separate, says the Lord. Do not touch what is unclean, And I will receive you.”
James 4:4 (NKJV) Adulterers and adulteresses! Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Whoever therefore wants to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.
The City and the Tower in Shinar
Genesis 11:1-9 (NKJV) 1 Now the whole earth had one language and one speech. 2 And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar, and they dwelt there. 3 Then they said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” They had brick for stone, and they had asphalt for mortar. 4 And they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top is in the heavens; let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.” 5 But the LORD came down to see the city and the tower which the sons of men had built. 6 And the LORD said, “Indeed the people are one and they all have one language, and this is what they begin to do; now nothing that they propose to do will be withheld from them. 7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.” 8 So the LORD scattered them abroad from there over the face of all the earth, and they ceased building the city. 9 Therefore its name is called Babel, because there the LORD confused the language of all the earth; and from there the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of all the earth.
There is a passage in the Bible we need to look at before we study this portion
Genesis 10:6-14 (NKJV) 6 The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. 7 The sons of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabtechah; and the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. 8 Cush begot Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on the earth. 9 He was a mighty hunter before the LORD; therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.” 10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. 11 From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah, 12 and Resen between Nineveh and Calah (that is the principal city). 13 Mizraim begot Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 14 Pathrusim, and Casluhim (from whom came the Philistines and Caphtorim).
Nimrod was a grandson of Ham through Cush, and his name means “rebel”.
He began to be a mighty one – He Chalaled (polluted his body) to become a” gibbowr” a mighty one. While it means a valiant man, in this context, a giant is a better rendering of this idiom peculiar to the Hebrew language in context.
The word “hunter” does not refer to the hunting of animals, but rather to the hunting of men.
He was a mighty tyrant in the sight of God, the first dictator. Nimrod was the founder of the Babylonian empire and the organizer of the enterprise that led to the construction of the tower of Babel. History informs us that Nimrod and his wife devised a new religion built around “the mother and child”.
Nimrod established the first kingdom and the first universal false religion opposing God since the flood of Noah. This was done “before the Lord,” that is, openly: in the presence of God with all defiance.
In Genesis 10:11, we read that Nimrod “went to Assyria and built Nineveh.” This is very important to our future, because speaking of the “Anti-Christ”, the Lord reveals through Micah the following
Micah 5:5-6 (NKJV) 5 And this One shall be peace. When the Assyrian comes into our land, And when he treads in our palaces, Then we will raise against him Seven shepherds and eight princely men. 6 They shall waste with the sword the land of Assyria, And the land of Nimrod at its entrances; Thus He shall deliver us from the Assyrian, When he comes into our land And when he treads within our borders.
Antichrist, among other things, is called “The Assyrian,” for he will come from the territory Assyria ruled over in ancient times.
After the flood, God had commanded men to replenish the earth.
Genesis 9:1 (NLT) Then God blessed Noah and his sons and told them, “Be fruitful and multiply. Fill the earth.
Genesis 9:7 (NLT) Now be fruitful and multiply, and repopulate the earth.”
In disobedience they decided to settle down on the plain of Shinar where Babylon was located. This was deliberate rebellion against God’s Word.
They decided to unite and build both a city and a tower. Their purposes were to
maintain unity in opposition to God, and
make a name for themselves.
The name “Babel” comes from a Hebrew word which means “gate of God”. This entire operation is a forecast of the final opposition of man (and Satan) against Christ, centered in the Babylon of Rev. 17-18.
Revelation 17:5 (NKJV) And on her forehead a name was written: MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.
Revelation 17:8 (NKJV) The beast that you saw was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to perdition. And those who dwell on the earth will marvel, whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world, when they see the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.
Revelation 17:11 (NKJV) And the beast that was, and is not, is himself also the eighth, and is of the seven, and is going to perdition.
Revelation 1:8 (NKJV) “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End,” says the Lord, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”
Is this the return of Nimrod, a world ‘ruler’? Even if is it not, by now you should have no doubt in your mind what the events in the plains of Shinar foretell. This is the reason that God, when He came down to see Babel, took action to counteract the rebellion of Nimrod.
“Babylon” in the Bible symbolizes rebellion against God and confusion in religion. Babylon is based on two principles – distrust of God and the consequent disobedience. Nations can be that way and so can individuals.
When God’s people in Old Testament Jerusalem distrusted God and disobeyed (2 Chronicles 36:11-20), thus taking part in Babylonian philosophy, they became literal captives in literal Babylon.
In the end time entire churches, nations and organizations will distrust God (not trust His word or promises, or believe it’s important), and will form an alliance to supplant God.
Let us build ourselves
Let us look at what man did in the plains of Shinar.
Genesis 11:3-4 (NKJV) 3 Then they said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” They had brick for stone, and they had asphalt for mortar. 4 And they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top is in the heavens; let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.”
They said to one another
Isaiah 30:1 (NKJV) “Woe to the rebellious children,” says the LORD, “Who take counsel, but not of Me, And who devise plans, but not of My Spirit, That they may add sin to sin;
Micah 2:1 (NKJV) Woe to those who devise iniquity, And work out evil on their beds! At morning light they practice it, Because it is in the power of their hand.
They had brick for stone, and they had asphalt for mortar. In the Word, stone signifies truth, and therefore brick, because it is made by man, signifies falsity or the flesh; for brick is stone artificially made.
Exodus 20:25 (NKJV) And if you make Me an altar of stone, you shall not build it of hewn stone; for if you use your tool on it, you have profaned it.
Psalm 118:22 (NKJV) The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone.
1 Peter 2:5 (NKJV) you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
A tower whose top is in the heavens
The Tower of Babel was man’s endeavor to ascend to heaven by his own will and powers, his striving to equal God. Babel was man’s attempt at godhood.
If God was worried about the height, then it was taller than Burj Khalifa in Dubai, which is 828 m or 2717 ft in height, because God has not struck that towering building down. Also, if it was height the builders of the Tower of Babel were after, it is strange that they found a plain in the land of Shinar to build it.
Genesis 28:10-12 (NKJV) 10 Now Jacob went out from Beersheba and went toward Haran. 11 So he came to a certain place and stayed there all night, because the sun had set. And he took one of the stones of that place and put it at his head, and he lay down in that place to sleep. 12 Then he dreamed, and behold, a ladder was set up on the earth, and its top reached to heaven; and there the angels of God were ascending and descending on it.
In both passages the Hebrew for
top is “ro’sh” which means head, top, summit, upper part, etc.
Heaven(s) is “shamayim” which means visible heavens, sky and Heaven, the abode of God.
In the KJV the words “reached unto” or in the NKJV “is” is italicized. Either top reached unto Heaven or top is Heaven. This is because there are no original words to represent them. This was only an assumption by the translators.
What it says is “ro’sh shamayim ” top heaven, or head heaven. So it could just as easily be “likened unto heaven.” A tower whose top is likened unto Heavens.
Now let us look at God’s reaction.
Genesis 11:5-8 (NKJV) 5 But the LORD came down to see the city and the tower which the sons of men had built. 6 And the LORD said, “Indeed the people are one and they all have one language, and this is what they begin to do; now nothing that they propose to do will be withheld from them. 7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.” 8 So the LORD scattered them abroad from there over the face of all the earth, and they ceased building the city.
“What they begin” is the Hebrew word Chalal. This means to profane, defile, pollute, desecrate, begin, as in Nimrod, but it also means to bore through, pierce, bore.
So it means to bore or pry open like a wedge in the sense of this being an act of polluting. There is no other way to look at this. They are actually trying to bore into or pry an opening into heaven!
The Heaven and earth represent eternal and temporal dimensions. They are separated from each other as a result of the fall or sin. But the actual physical separation is one of time – temporal verses eternal.
Therefore, it stands to reason that the travel they are trying to accomplish here is inter-dimensional.
The language here would confirm this. To pry or wedge is to open a portal into the eternal realm.
“Nothing will be restrained from them.” The Hebrew word “Batsar” means secrets, mysteries or inaccessible things will no longer be restrained.
Jeremiah 33:3 (NKJV) ‘Call to Me, and I will answer you, and show you great and mighty things (batsar), which you do not know.’
Job 42:2 (NKJV) “I know that You can do everything, And that no purpose of Yours
can be withheld (batsar) from You.
This can only mean a breach in the space/time continuum or a portal of some sort. They had succeeded in opening a portal to the living room of God.
Scattered them abroad
The confusion of the language and the scattering was to save mankind from uniting against God till Jesus comes. This was really an act of mercy as well as judgment, for had they persisted in their plan, a more terrible judgment would have followed.
This was not to force mankind to be “good”, for God values free will. At that time, man was a slave to sin, so he could not choose to be free. After Jesus rose again, mankind had the freedom to choose.
The description of God’s action here explains the origin of the languages of mankind.
However, when we come to Revelation 17, we can see that somehow people have managed to unite against God with one mind.
Revelation 17:13-14 (NKJV) 13 These are of one mind, and they will give their power and authority to the beast. 14 These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful.”
The Return of Nimrod?
The building of this City and Tower was about 560 years after the flood of Noah. Even with such a long period of time, people were still living to a ripe old age of about 600 years. The Babel event would have been only one generation from the remembrance of the pre-flood era, given their lifespan. They would have heard about the “technology” of the fallen, the secret revelations of the fallen angels, the hidden knowledge, or the occult as we call it today.
The city and the tower represent the attempt to use this pre-flood knowledge to settle themselves, and not be scattered by God again.
Nimrod established the first kingdom and the first universal false religion opposing God since the flood of Noah. We saw indications from Scripture (Micah 5) earlier that the final world ruler is tied to the land of Nimrod. If so, how can he entice? He must have something to offer for those who seek spiritual power.
Revelation 2:24-25 (NKJV) 24 Now to you I say, and to the rest in Thyatira, as many as do not have this doctrine, who have not known the depths of Satan, as they say, I will put on you no other burden. 25 But hold fast what you have till I come.
So watch out for those who wish to teach you the secrets of Satan, or tell you that you can grab things from heaven.
Deuteronomy 29:29 (NKJV) The secret things belong to the LORD our God, but those things which are revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may do all the words of this law.
The reason men seek this doctrine, to know the depths of Satan, is to have earthly power.
Psalm 75:6-7 (NKJV) 6 For exaltation comes neither from the east Nor from the west nor from the south. 7 But God is the Judge: He puts down one, And exalts another.
We do not need to know the deep things of Satan because God has already revealed it to us
1 Corinthians 2:9-10 (NKJV) 9 But as it is written: “Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, Nor have entered into the heart of man The things which God has prepared for those who love Him.” 10 But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God.
So to conclude, let us go back to what we read from the Gospel of Matthew.
Matthew 4:1-4 (NKJV) 1 Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. 2 And when He had fasted forty days and forty nights, afterward He was hungry. 3 Now when the tempter came to Him, he said, “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.” 4 But He answered and said, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.’ “
It is God who gives man bread to eat. He is the source of every blessing, Creator of everything.
Imagine God is the great baker in heaven, then the sin of the builders on this city and tower is that they attempted to take over the bakery to secure bread for themselves without the baker.
When we say Jesus is Lord, it means He is the owner. He decides what we need to do, not us. Do we still choose our own paths with the body He has given us? If so, are we not attempting to supplant God as its owner, our owner?
1 Corinthians 8:6 (NAS) yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom are all things and we exist for Him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we exist through Him.
1 Corinthians 8:6 (NKJV) yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and through whom we live.
Remember, we exist for Him, the Father, and we exist through Him, the son, our Lord Jesus Christ.
The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
Genesis 19:24-25 (NKJV) 24 Then the LORD rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the LORD out of the heavens. 25 So He overthrew those cities, all the plain, all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground.
The first mention of Sodom and Gomorrah is in Genesis 18. Its judgment and destruction are chronicled in the next chapter. It is mentioned throughout the Bible, both in the new and the old Testament. We are going to look at a few of those scriptures to see how this is relevant to us today.
Genesis 18:20-21 (NKJV) 20 And the LORD said, “Because the outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grave, 21 I will go down now and see whether they have done altogether according to the outcry against it that has come to Me; and if not, I will know.”
What is this sin that is very grave?
Genesis 19:4-5 (NKJV) 4 Now before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, both old and young, all the people from every quarter, surrounded the house. 5 And they called to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us that we may know them carnally.”
From this passage, we understand that homosexuality was prevalent there. This is confirmed in the New Testament also.
Jude 1:7 (NKJV) as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities around them in a similar manner to these, having given themselves over to sexual immorality and gone after strange flesh, are set forth as an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.
God’s attitude toward homosexuality is portrayed in the judgment on Sodom and Gomorrah. I haven’t been able to locate a single verse in the Bible that decries sex as sinful, dirty, or wrong. It’s only the misuse of sex (when it is experienced outside a loving, intimate commitment between a husband and wife) that gets God angry. There is a reason for this.
Initially, I thought here was a bunch of homosexual perverts whose actions angered God, and he judged them, but because of Lot’s begging, I thought the judgment was not complete. This, I reasoned, is the reason for homosexuality being prevalent today.
Genesis 19:18-22 (NKJV) 18 Then Lot said to them, “Please, no, my lords! 19 Indeed now, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have increased your mercy which you have shown me by saving my life; but I cannot escape to the mountains, lest some evil overtake me and I die. 20 See now, this city is near enough to flee to, and it is a little one; please let me escape there (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.” 21 And he said to him, “See, I have favored you concerning this thing also, in that I will not overthrow this city for which you have spoken. 22 Hurry, escape there. For I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.
I thought to myself “I wish the judgment would have been complete”, but then I read what the Lord revealed through Ezekiel the prophet.
Ezekiel 16:49-50 (NKJV) 49 Look, this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom: She and her daughter had pride, fullness of food, and abundance of idleness; neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy. 50 And they were haughty and committed abomination before Me; therefore I took them away as I saw fit.
Here social injustice rather than sexual perversion is highlighted. Judah was called the “sister” of Sodom since both Israel and Judah had followed the same course as Sodom in pride and perversion.
Three things are mentioned here as iniquity
Proverbs 16:5 (NKJV) Everyone proud in heart is an abomination to the LORD; Though they join forces, none will go unpunished.
Fullness of food
Speaking of a just man, the Lord says
Ezekiel 18:7 (NKJV) If he has not oppressed anyone, But has restored to the debtor his pledge; Has robbed no one by violence, But has given his bread to the hungry And covered the naked with clothing;
Isaiah 58:5-8 (NKJV) 5 Is it a fast that I have chosen, A day for a man to afflict his soul? Is it to bow down his head like a bulrush, And to spread out sackcloth and ashes? Would you call this a fast, And an acceptable day to the LORD? 6 “Is this not the fast that I have chosen: To loose the bonds of wickedness, To undo the heavy burdens, To let the oppressed go free, And that you break every yoke? 7 Is it not to share your bread with the hungry, And that you bring to your house the poor who are cast out; When you see the naked, that you cover him, And not hide yourself from your own flesh? 8 Then your light shall break forth like the morning, Your healing shall spring forth speedily, And your righteousness shall go before you; The glory of the LORD shall be your rear guard.
Abundance of idleness
First mention is in Joshua 11:23. Here and elsewhere, it is mentioned as a blessing.
Joshua 11:23 (NKJV) “So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD had said to Moses; and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land rested from war.”
Judges 18:27 (NKJV) So they took the things Micah had made, and the priest who had belonged to him, and went to Laish, to a people quiet and secure; and they struck them with the edge of the sword and burned the city with fire.
So from this we know that they had a rather comfortable life without no obvious threats from anywhere. They thought highly of themselves, had plenty of food to throw way, and have no lack. They have plenty of free time for seeking their pleasure, perhaps on Facebook, YouTube or on whatsapp groups.
Deuteronomy 8:17-18 (NKJV) 17 then you say in your heart, ‘My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth.’ 18 And you shall remember the LORD your God, for it is He who gives you power to get wealth, that He may establish His covenant which He swore to your fathers, as it is this day.
They failed to remember the Lord, that He was their God, and that it was He who gave them the ability to make their money.
I realized then that what Sodom and Gomorrah had was not a localized problem.
- They were not infected with homosexuality by a mosquito bite or some virus.
- They were not genetically predestined by God to be sexual perverts, if so, God would not have judged them.
The expression “the flesh” often carries a special doctrinal meaning in the NT. In this usage it does not refer to the body, but to the old nature of the believer, with its tendency to sin even after the miracle of the new birth.
While believers should be spiritual, some are fleshly or carnal,
1 Corinthians 3:1 (NKJV) And I, brethren, could not speak to you as to spiritual people but as to carnal, as to babes in Christ.
These individuals are said to walk according to the flesh,
2 Corinthians 10:2 (NKJV) But I beg you that when I am present I may not be bold with that confidence by which I intend to be bold against some, who think of us as if we walked according to the flesh.
They serve the law of sin,
Romans 7:25 (NKJV) I thank God–through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, with the mind I myself serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin.
Walking in the flesh is contrasted with walking in the Spirit,
Romans 8:4-5 (NKJV)  that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.  For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit.
Christians are admonished to make no provision for the flesh and its filthiness
Romans 13:14 (NKJV) But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts.
2 Corinthians 7:1 (NKJV) Therefore, having these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
A dreadful list of the works of the flesh appears in Gal. 5:19-21.
Galatians 5:19-21 (NKJV)  Now the works of the flesh are evident, which are: adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lewdness,  idolatry, sorcery, hatred, contentions, jealousies, outbursts of wrath, selfish ambitions, dissensions, heresies,  envy, murders, drunkenness, revelries, and the like; of which I tell you beforehand, just as I also told you in time past, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.
They that are “in the flesh” cannot please God; their minds are at enmity with Him
Romans 8:7-8 (NKJV)  Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be.  So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
The flesh is contrary to the Spirit. No good thing dwells in the flesh.
Galatians 5:17 (NKJV) For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary to one another, so that you do not do the things that you wish.
Romans 7:18 (NKJV) For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find.
The notion that spiritual Christians may eradicate the old nature by a superior form of holiness is in error.
1 John 1:8-10 (NKJV)  If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.  If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.  If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His word is not in us.
The teaching of Scripture is that in a believer the flesh is controlled by the Spirit,
Galatians 5:16 (NKJV) I say then: Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh.
How can you walk in the Spirit if you do not hear from God?
Romans 8:14 (NKJV) For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.
If you want to be led by the Spirit of God, then seek God and live
Amos 5:4-6 (NKJV)  For thus says the LORD to the house of Israel: “Seek Me and live;  But do not seek Bethel, Nor enter Gilgal, Nor pass over to Beersheba; For Gilgal shall surely go into captivity, And Bethel shall come to nothing.  Seek the LORD and live, Lest He break out like fire in the house of Joseph, And devour it, With no one to quench it in Bethel–
This is the only way out of idleness and the consequent fall led by the flesh into the sin that brought judgment upon Sodom and Gomorrah.
Think about how you have wronged God and man, anything you need to be forgiven. Think as far back as possible. Make a list.
1 John 1:9 (NKJV) If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
We are going to burn our bridges and start afresh.
So, what is the moral of this story?
Like Sodom and Gomorrah, we are blessed with plenty of pursuits that bring pleasure to our life on earth. While there is absolutely nothing wrong with living a good life, what God hates is a life lived forsaking God.
Psalm 14:2 (NKJV) The LORD looks down from heaven upon the children of men, To see if there are any who understand, who seek God.
Ezra 8:22 (NKJV) For I was ashamed to request of the king an escort of soldiers and horsemen to help us against the enemy on the road, because we had spoken to the king, saying, “The hand of our God is upon all those for good who seek Him, but His power and His wrath are against all those who forsake Him.”
Luke 16:13 (NKJV) No servant can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.”
1 Timothy 6:10 (NKJV) For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil, for which some have strayed from the faith in their greediness, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
There is nothing more desired among men than riches and leisure, and yet these gave birth to the sins that brought destruction upon Sodom and Gomorrah. Their useless idle life made them a prey to Satan’s temptations, and they defaced the image of God, and became satanic rather than divine.
Proverbs 10:4 (NKJV) He who has a slack hand becomes poor, But the hand of the diligent makes rich.
2 Thessalonians 3:10 (NKJV) For even when we were with you, we commanded you this: If anyone will not work, neither shall he eat.
Idleness is one of the greatest curses that can fall upon man, for vice and crime follow in its path. It enfeebles the mind, perverts the understanding, and debases the soul. Satan lies in ambush, ready to destroy those who are idle.